Green Bean Varieties and
Types of Green Beans

Green bean harvest
Green Bean Harvest © Steve Masley
…Click IMAGE to Enlarge

Green bean varieties come in bush and pole types. Both bush and pole beans have dozens of cultivars, from broad, meaty Roma types to thin and delicate French filet beans (haricorts verts). Pods can be round or flat, and come in multiple colors: green, purple, yellow, or mottled.

For information on Growing Green Beans, click Here.

Bush Beans  |   Pole Beans  |   Runner Beans  |   Yardlong Beans
Growing Green Beans  |   Growing Green Beans in Containers

Green Bean Varieties: Bush Beans

Growing Bush Beans Thumbnail Sketch

Bush green bean varieties grow to about 2 feet (60 cm) tall. When properly spaced, the plants grow together and support each other, and need no trellising. They come in a week or two earlier than pole beans, but produce fewer green beans.

OP=Open Pollinated  BMV=Resists Bean Mosaic Virus  A=Resists Anthracnose

Bush Bean Varieties (Click IMAGE to Enlarge)

‘Jade’ (60 days, BMV) produces very straight, dark-green round pods on vigorous plants. Produces later in the season than many bush varieties. Resistant to bean mosaic virus. Light green seeds.

'Jade' Green Bean Seeds
'Jade' Green Beans on the Vine
'Jade' Green Beans

‘Maxibel’ (50 days) is a dark green filet bean. Produces slender, 7” (18 cm) stringless pods. (“Stringless”—meaning they develop strings later rather than sooner). Pick every couple days to avoid tough beans.

'Maxibel' Bush Bean Seeds
'Maxibel' Bush Beans on the Vine
'Maxibel' Bush Beans

‘Soliel’ (OP, 60 days) produces beautiful, uniformly slender filet-style beans, but with a gorgeous yellow color and great flavor. White seeds.

'Soliel' Bush Bean Seeds
'Soliel' Bush Beans 3
'Soliel' Bush Beans

‘Rolande’ (50 days) is a fine green filet bean that produces slender, 7” (18 cm) stringless pods, similar to ‘Maxibel’. Stays tender at larger diameters than ‘Maxibel’.

'Rolande' Bush Beans

‘Dragon Tongue’ (OP, 60 days) produces pale yellow pods with mottled purple streaks on tall (24-30”--60-76 cm), vigorous plants. Versatile all-around bean that can be harvested young for green beans, or allowed to mature for shelling beans. Brown, mottled seeds.

'Dragon Tongue' Green Bean Seedlings
'Dragon Tongue' Bush Bean

Links to buy seeds below go to Cook's Garden Seeds, our seed supplier. The go to organic seeds, whenever they're available, but not all varieties are available as organic seeds. Don't let lack of organic seeds keep you from trying new varieties. As long as you're growing your beans organically, there will be no measureable chemical residues in plants you grow.

Other Bush Bean Varieties:

icon icon
Photo from Cook's Garden
Buy 'Provider' Seeds icon

‘Provider’ (50 days, BMV, DM, PM)  is an easy-to-grow, adaptable green bean that performs well in cooler temperatures. Produces 5-5 ½” (13 cm) round green pods. Resistant to bean mosaic virus, downy mildew, and powdery mildew. Purple seeds.

Order 'Provider' Seeds icon

‘Rocdor’ (52 days, A, BMV): Slender, yellow round pods, 6-6 ½” (15 cm) long, on upright plants. Skinniest of the yellow wax beans. Warm yellow color makes them easy to spot for picking. Resistant to anthracnose and bean mosaic virus. Black seeds germinate well in cooler temperatures.

‘Royal Burgundy’ (55-60 days)  produces deep purple, 5” (13 cm) pods that can be sliced into salads for color (pods turn green when cooked). Purple color makes them easy to see for picking. Tan seeds.

‘Tavera’ (54 days, A, BMV)  produces large yields of tender, slim 4-5” (10-13 cm) beans. Pick every other day to avoid tough beans. Resistant to anthracnose and bean mosaic virus. Small white seeds.

Top of Page  |   Bush Beans  |   Pole Beans  |   Runner Beans
Yard Long Beans  |   Growing Green Beans

Green Bean Varieties: Pole Beans

Green Bean Teepee, Late
Green Bean Teepee © Steve
…Click IMAGE to Enlarge

Pole bean varieties can grow 8-10 feet (2.5-3 m), and need a trellis or something to climb on for support. Pole beans are more flavorful and more productive than many green bean varieties.

They’re called “pole beans” because one popular way to grow them is in “teepees” made of bamboo poles or branches. Here, I use windfall redwood branches to make a bean teepee.

Pole Beans Thumbnail Sketch

They’re also easier to harvest, because the beans are within reach—less stooping, bending, and squatting. And given that harvesting is the biggest chore when growing green beans, setting up a trellis at the beginning of the season is a good investment, if you have the space.

Left to Right: 'Spanish Miralda', 'Fortex', 'Purple Pole', and 'Goldmarie'
Click Any Image to See a Larger Version
'Spanish Musica', a.k.a. 'Spanish Miralda' Green Beans on the Vine
'Fortex' Pole Beans on the Vine
'Purple Pod' Pole Beans on the Vine
'Goldmarie' Pole Beans on the Vine

‘Fortex’ (OP, 60 days, A, BMV)  produces early, high yields of extra-long pods—the longest pods of the pole beans. Harvest at 7” (18 cm) for slender, filet-type green beans, or harvest larger beans up to 11” (28 cm) long. Stringless and tender even after seeds have started to swell. Dark brown seeds.

Order 'Fortex' Seeds icon

‘Spanish Musica’, a.k.a., ‘Spanish Miralda’ (75 days) produces high yields of large, flat roma-type green beans on vigorous, 6-10 feet (2-3 m) vines. Optimal harvest at 8” (20 cm), but pods stay tender up to 10” (25 cm). White seeds.

‘Rattlesnake’ (70-80 days) produces 7” (18 cm) round, green pods, streaked with purple—similar to ‘Dragon Tongue’ bush beans. Vigorous, 8-foot (2.5 m) vines. Mottled, light brown seeds.

Left to Right: 'Fortex', 'Spanish Miralda', and 'Rattlesnake' green beans
Click Any Image to See a Larger Version
'Fortex' Pole Beans 2 'Spanish Musica', a.k.a. 'Spanish Miralda' Green Beans 'Rattlesnake' Green Beans

‘Kentucky Wonder’ (OP, 70 days)  is a classic heirloom green bean that produces flat, 6-8” (15-20 cm) silvery-green pods on 6-8-foot (2-2.5 m) vines.

Buy 'Kentucky Wonder' Seeds icon

'Trionfo Violetta' Italian Heirloom Pole Bean from Cook's Garden Seeds icon
‘Trionfo Violetto’, an Italian Heirloom
Pole Bean I'm Trying This Year

Photo from Cook's Garden

'Trionfo Violetto' is an Italian heirloom bean I'm trying for the first time this year. It has beautiful purple pods, purple-veined leaves, and violet flowers.

Buy 'Trionfo Violetta' Seeds icon

‘Goldmarie’ (OP, 75 days)  is a romano-type heirloom that produces high yields of flat, yellow, 6” (15 cm) pods on vigorous vines. White seeds.

‘Helda’ (OP, 60 days, BMV)  has large (9”--23 cm), stringless, pale green pods, similar to ‘Spanish Miralda’. Vines 6-8 feet (2-2.5 m) tall. Resistant to bean mosaic virus.

‘Blue Lake Pole’ (OP, 75 days, BMV)  produces 6-7” (15-18 cm) dark green, round pods, perfect for canning. Vigorous vines grow to 7 feet (2.3 m). White seeds.

Top of Page  |   Bush Beans  |   Pole Beans  |   Runner Beans
Yard Long Beans  |   Growing Green Beans

Runner Beans (Phaseolus coccineus)

Scarlet Runner Beans Flowering
Scarlet Runner Bean
© Steve Masley
Click IMAGE to Enlarge

Runner Beans are the ancestors of modern green bean varieties. They tend to be large, vigorous climbers that produce big pods, and large beans if grown to maturity.

Scarlet Runner Beans on the Vine
Scarlet Runner Beans
© Steve vin
…Click IMAGE to Enlarge

‘Scarlet Runner’ (70 days) produces 8-10” (20-25 cm) flat green pods with great flavor. Rough surface texture disappears when cooked. Scarlet flowers attract hummingbirds.

Yard Long Beans (Vita unguiculata)

Yard long beans are the absurdly long bean you often see in Chinese markets. These vigorous, subtropical Asian varieties need long, hot summers—and hot summer nights!—to perform well. They also need a 10-foot (2.3 m) trellis or wall to climb on. Not worth trying in short-summer areas, unless started early and grown in a sheltered, warm microclimate, like along a south-facing wall. Black seeds.

‘Gita’ (78 days) has 16-20” (41-51 cm) long, green pods as thin as a pencil.

‘Red Noodle’ (85 days) is similar to ‘Gita’, but with deep purple pods (color fades when cooked). Red seeds.

Top of Green Bean Varieties Page  |   Bush Beans  |   Pole Beans
Runner Beans  |   Yard Long Beans  |   Growing Green Beans

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