Cucumber Varieties and
Types of Cucumbers

Cucumber varieties come in slicing, pickling, and "burpless" types. There are also "specialty" heirloom and greenhouse varieties of cucumbers.

Cucumber Varieties—'Chelsea Prize'
Cucumber Varieties—'Chelsea
Prize'
© Steve Masley
Click IMAGE to Enlarge

Slicing Cucumbers are the long, straight cucumbers commonly seen in supermarkets. They’re bred for fresh eating, with thin, non-bitter skins and slow development of seeds. "Burpless" cucumbers are slicing cucumbers bred to produce less of the bitter chemical that releases gas in the stomach.

Pickling Cucumbers are shorter, stouter, and have more spines, as well as drier flesh that allows them to soak up more of the brine they’re pickled in.

Specialty Cucumbers include heirloom cucumber varieties like ‘Lemon’ cucumbers and 'Sweet Armenian' cucumbers, as well as greenhouse cucumbers that require no pollination to set fruit.

Container Cucumbers are bred for compact vines, and are better for deck plantings and small space gardens.

In looking at cucumber varieties, you’ll see terms like "parthenocarpic" and "gynecoecous". Parthenocarpic cucumbers require no pollination, and are best for growing cucumbers in greenhouses, at lower temperatures, or where pollinator populations are low. Gynecoecous cucumbers produce mostly female (fruiting) flowers, to increase yields.





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Growing Cucumbers



All seeds featured on this site are non-GMO.

Organic seeds are, by definition, non-GMO. Most varieties featured here are organic, but some varieties are only available as non-organic seed. Don't let this prevent you from trying a variety that looks interesting.

NOP (National Organic Program) guidelines allow the use of non-organic (but not GMO) seeds when organic seeds for that variety are not available. The way the plants are grown (without chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, or fungicides) is the primary determinant of whether they're grown organically.


Links to buy seeds go to seed companies that offer that variety. We are affiliates of Seeds Now and Burpee Seeds. We receive a commission on seed orders you place to these companies (the commission comes from the company, so you pay the same whether you click on our link or order directly from the company).

Commissions help pay for maintaining and updating this web site. Links to other seed companies are provided as a service, we receive no commission from them. Links open in new windows.


Slicing Cucumbers

Slicing cucumbers are bred for thin, non-bitter skins that don’t need to be peeled, and late seed formation. Harvest at the size recommended for the variety. If allowed to grow too large, seeds develop, the skins thicken, and the cucumbers and may become bitter.

'Burpless' cucumber are bred to reduce the bitter chemical that may cause stomach upset in some people. 'Oriental' varieties are the long, slender cucumbers found in Asian markets.


title=
'Ashley'
Image Courtesy Seeds Now
…Click IMAGE to Enlarge

‘Ashley’ (Heirloom, 65 days) is a great heirloom slicing cucumber with thin, light green skin. Great for slicing, salads, and juicing. Harvest at 8" (23 cm) for best quality.

Buy 'Ashley' Cucumber Seeds (Seeds Now)

'Straight 8' heirloom slicing cucumber
'Straight 8' Slicing Cucumber
© Steve Masley
…Click IMAGE to Enlarge

‘Straight 8’ (50-55 days) is a delicious heirloom slicer with light green skin. Harvest at 7-8" (20-23 cm) for best texture and flavor. They'll have thin skin and few seeds at this point.

Buy 'Straight 8' Seeds (Seeds Now)

'Marketmore 76' Slicing Cucumber
''Marketmore 76' Slicing Cucumber
© Steve Masley
…Click IMAGE to Enlarge

‘Marketmore 76’ (58 days, heirloom open pollinated, resistant to cucumber mosaic virus, powdery mildew, downy mildew, and scab) is a reliable producer of straight, 8-9" (20-23cm) dark green fruits, across a wide variety of weather conditions.

Buy 'Marketmore 76' Seeds (Seeds Now)

'Muncher' Slicing Cucumber
'Muncher' Slicing Cucumber
Image Courtesy Seeds Now
…Click IMAGE to Enlarge

‘Muncher’ (Heirloom, 60 days) is a thin-skinned Persian style slicing cucumber. Never needs peeling, late to form seeds. Harvest at 4-6" (10-15 cm) for best quality.

Buy 'Muncher' Cucumber Seeds (Seeds Now)

'Tendergreen' Burpless Slicing Cucumbers
'Tendergreen' Slicing Cucumbers
Image Courtesy Seeds Now
…Click IMAGE to Enlarge

‘Tendergreen’ (55 days) bush beans are the best variety for hot-summer gardens, with superior performance through hot weather. Disease resistant and adaptable to multiple zones. Outstanding flavor, stringless pods.

Buy 'Tendergreen' Seeds (Seeds Now)

'Green Fingers' Persian Cucumbers
'Little Fingers' Persian
Cucumbers
© Steve Masley
…Click IMAGE to Enlarge

‘Green Fingers' Persian (F1 Hybrid, 60 days) produces delicious 3-5" Persian slicing cucumbers that never need peeling, have small seeds, and are never bitter. Produces well in multiple microclimates, starts early and produces all summer long. A client favorite.

Buy 'Green Fingers' Seeds (Renee's Garden Seeds)

'Chelsea Prize' English Slicing Cucumbers
'Chelsea Prize'
Cucumbers
© Steve Masley
…Click IMAGE to Enlarge

‘Chelsea Prize’ (F1 hybrid, scab resistant) is a classic English slicing cucumber. Thin-skinned, non-bitter, "burpless", and sweet, with very few seeds, harvest these beauties at 12-15" (30-38cm). Parthenocarpic (self-pollinating) plants, suitable for outdoor or greenhouse production.

Buy 'Chelsea Prize' Seeds (Renee's Garden Seeds)

'Chinese Snake' Cucumber is a prolific, burpless Chinese cucumber.
'Chinese Snake'
Image Courtesy Seeds Now
…Click IMAGE to Enlarge

‘Chinese Snake’ (Heirloom, 75 days) produces long, sometimes curved fruit that are best harvested at 15-18" (38-46 cm) long. Burpless, never bitter.

Buy 'Chinese Snake' Seeds (Seeds Now)

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Growing Cucumbers





Pickling Cucumber Varieties

Pickling cucumbers are shorter and stouter than slicing cucumbers, with drier flesh that soaks up more of the brine they’re pickled in.


‘Homemade Pickles' Pickling Cucumbers (Heirloom, 55 days) is an excellent pickling cucumber bred for uniform size and shape. Vigorous, disease-resistant plants produce over a long season. Harvest at 1 1/2" (4cm) for baby sweet pickles, or at 5-6" (13-15cm) for spears or dill pickles.

Buy 'Homemade Pickles' Seeds (Seeds Now)

'Homemade Pickles' Pickling Cucumbers
'Homemade Pickles' Cucumbers
Image Courtesy Seeds Now
…Click IMAGE to Enlarge

‘National Pickling’ (Heirloom, 55 days) resistant to scab and tolerant of cucumber mosaic virus), is a high-yielding producer of medium green, straight-sided pickling cucumbers.

Buy 'National Pickling' Seeds (Seeds Now)

'National Pickling' Cucumber.
'National Pickling'
Image Courtesy Seeds Now
…Click IMAGE to Enlarge

‘Wautoma’ (60 days, heirloom open-pollinated, resistant to anthracnose, angular leaf blight, cucumber mosaic virus, downy mildew, powdery mildew, and scab) produces 4-5" (10-13cm) cucumbers on vigorous, 4-5’ (1-1.5m) vines. Great disease resistance, non-bitter and burpless, with excellent brining qualities.

Buy 'Wautoma' Seeds (Territorial Seeds)

Slicing  |   Pickling  |   Specialty  |   Containers
Growing Cucumbers




Specialty Cucumbers

Specialty cucumbers are heirloom cucumber varieties or greenhouse varieties. Heirloom cucumbers tend to produce later and have less developed disease resistance than modern hybrids, but are still widely grown for flavor, color, or other desirable characteristics.

Greenhouse cucumber varieties are self-fertile, and don’t require pollinators to produce fruit.


'Lemon' Cucumbers are a classic heirloom cucumber that's delicious fresh or pickled.
'Lemon' Cucumbers
Image Courtesy Seeds Now
…Click IMAGE to Enlarge

‘Lemon’ (65 days, heirloom, open pollinated) are small, round, yellow cucumbers you often find in farmers markets. Harvest at 1 ½-2" (3.8-5 cm--about the size of a small lemon--for best flavor.

Buy 'Lemon' Cucumber Seeds (Seeds Now)

'Sweet Armenian' Heirloom Cucumbers
'Sweet Armenian' Slicing Cucumber
© Steve Masley
…Click IMAGE to Enlarge

‘Sweet Armenian’ Cucumbers (60 days, heirloom open-pollinated) are long, ribbed cucumbers, often found in middle eastern markets, where they may be called "snake melons". Pale green or white and with pronounced ribs, they can be as large as 2’ (1/2 meter) long, and 3" (7.6 cm) wide, but they’re best harvested smaller, at 12" (30 cm) long and 1.5" (3.8 cm) wide.

Buy 'Sweet Armenian' Seeds (Seeds Now)


Slicing  |   Pickling  |   Specialty  |   Containers
Growing Cucumbers


Cucumbers for Containers

Cucumber Varieties—'Bush Slicer'
Cucumber Varieties—'Bush
Slicer'
© Steve Masley
Click IMAGE to Enlarge

Although most varieties of cucumbers grow well in containers (as long as they’re at least 5-gallon size!), bush cucumber varieties are bred for compact vines, and are less rangy on decks and in small space gardens.


'Spacemaster' Slicing Cucumbers are compact and ideal for container gardens.
'Spacemaster' Slicing Cucumbers
Image Courtesy Seeds Now
…Click IMAGE to Enlarge

‘Spacemaster’ (Heirloom, ? days) is a slicing cucumber with compact vines, ideal for growing in containers.

Buy 'Spacemaster' Seeds (Seeds Now)

'Bush Slicer' Cucumber is a great compact cucumber for container gardens.
''Bush Slicer'
© Steve Masley
…Click IMAGE to Enlarge

‘Bush Slicer’ (F1 Hybrid, Resistant to powdery mildew, cucumber mosaic virus, and scab). Produces crisp, sweet 6-8" (15-20cm) cucumbers with thin skins and small seed cavities. Compact vines are excellent for growing cucumbers in containers.

Buy 'Bush Slicer' Seeds (Renee's Seeds)

Slicing  |   Pickling  |   Specialty  |   Containers
Growing Cucumbers


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